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Indiana University Bloomington

James Craig

Dr. James Craig

Professor Emeritus


craigj [at]

office: PY 356 | (812)855-3926


Cutaneous pattern perception and communication; psychophysical studies of tactile sensitivity

Educational Background

  • 1964 B.A DePauw University
    Major: Psychology
  • 1966 M.A Princeton University
    Major: Psychology
  • 1967 Ph.D. Princeton University
    Major: Psychology

Areas of Study

  • Biology, Behavior, and Neuroscience
  • Neural Science
  • Cognitive Science

Research Topics

  • Somatosensory processes
  • Perception of complex spatial and temporal tactile patterns
  • Biomechanical and neuophysiological basis of the processing of tactile spatial information
  • Multimodal interactions
  • The effect of aging on the sensory processing

Representative Publications

    Craig, J. C. (2000). Processing of sequential tactile patterns: Effects of a neutral stimulus. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 596-606.

    Craig, J. C. (2000). Touch: Behavioral and functional aspects. In Alan Kazdan (Ed), Encyclopedia of Psychology, 8, 98 - 101. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

    Craig, J. C. & Johnson, K. O. (2000). The two-point threshold: Not a measure of spatial resolution. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 2000.

    Craig, J. C. & Lyle, K. B. (2001). A comparison of tactile spatial sensitivity on the palm and fingerpad. Perception and Psychophysics, 63, 337-347.

    Craig, J. C. (2002). Identification of scanned and static tactile patterns. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 107-120.

    Craig, J. C., & Lyle, K. B. (2002). A correction and a comment on Craig and Lyle (2001), Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 504-506.

    Lerner, E. A., & Craig, J. C. (2002). The prevalence of tactile motion aftereffects. Somatosensory and Motor Research, 19, 24-29.

    Gibson, G. O., & Craig, J. C. (2002). Relative roles of spatial and intensive cues in the discrimination of spatial tactile stimuli. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 1095-1107.

    Craig, J. C., & Busey, J. C. (2003). The effect of motion on tactile and visual temporal order judgments. Perception & Psychophysics, 65, 81-94.

    Craig, J. C. (2003). The effect of hand position and pattern motion on temporal order judgments. Perception & Psychophysics, 65, 779-788.

    Wilson, A.D., Bingham, G.P., & Craig, J. C. (2003). Proprioceptive perception of phase variability. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 29, 1179-1190.

    Craig, J. C. (2005). The trajectory effect in intermodal temporal order judgments. Perception. 34, 257-270.

    Gibson, G. O., & Craig, J. C. (2005). Tactile spatial sensitivity and anisotropy. Perception & Psychophysics. 67, 1061-1079.

    Gibson, G. O., & Craig, J. C. (2006) The effect of force and conformance on tactile intensive and spatial sensitivity. Experimental Brain Research, 170, 172-182.

    Craig, J. C. (2006) Visual motion interferes with tactile motion perception. Perception, 35, 351-367.

    Craig, J. C., & Belser, A. N. (2006) The crossed-hands deficit in tactile temporal order judgments: The effect of training. Perception, 35, 1561-72.

    Bensmaia, S., Craig, J. C., Yoshioka, T., & Johnson, K. O. (2006) SA1 and RA afferent responses to static and vibrating gratings. Journal of Neurophysiology, 95, 1771-82.

    Bensmaia, S., Craig, J. C., & Johnson, K. O. (2006) Temporal factors in tactile spatial acuity: Evidence for RA interference in fine spatial processing. Journal of Neurophysiology. 95, 1783-91.

    Bensmaia, S., Killebrew, J., Craig, J. C. (2006) The influence of visual motion on tactile motion perception. Journal of Neurophysiology, 96, 1625-1637.

    Killebrew, J., Bensmaia, S., Dammann, J., Denchev, P., Hsiao, S., Craig, J., & Johnson, K. (2007) A dense array stimulator to generate arbitrary spatio-temporal tactile stimuli. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 161,. 62-74.

    Yoshioka, T., Bensmaia, S., Craig, J. & Hsiao, S. (2007) Texture perception through direct and indirect touch: An analysis of texture perceptual space in two modes of exploration. Somatosensory and Motor Research, 24, 53-70.

    Bensmaia, S.J., Hsiao, S.S., Denchev, P. V., Killebrew, J.H., & Craig, J.C. (2008) The tactile pereception of stimulus orientation. Somatosensory and Motor Research, 25, 49-59.

    Bensmaia, S. J., Denchev, P. V., Dammann, J. F., Craig, J. C., & Hsiao, S. S. (2008) The representation of stimulus orientation in the early stages of somatosensory processing. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 776-86.

    Craig, J. C., Rhodes, R. P., Gibson, G. O., Bensmaia, S. J. (2008) Discriminating smooth from grooved surfaces: the effects of random variations in skin penetration. Experimental Brain Research. 188, 331-40.

    Humes, L. E., Busey, T. A., Craig, J. C. & Kewley-Port, D. (2009) The effects of age on sensory thresholds and temporal gap detection in hearing, vision, and touch. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 860-871.

    Pei YC, Denchev PV, Hsiao SS, Craig JC, Bensmaia SJ. (2009). Convergence of submodality-specific input onto neurons in primary somatosensory cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology, 102, 1843-53.

    Craig, J. C., Rhodes, R. P., Busey, T. A., Kewley-Port, D., & Humes, L. E. (2010) Aging and tactile temporal order, accepted for publication, Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. 72, 226-235.

    Pei, Y. C., Hsiao, S., Craig, J., Bensmaia, S. (2010) Shape invariant coding of motion direction in primary somatosensory cortex. PLoS Biology. Accepted for publication.